This article is about New Education Policy 2020, read this article carefully for a full view of New Education Policy 2020.
Introduction of New Education Policy 2020
New Education Policy 2020 was proposed by the Ministry of Human Resource & Development Government of India. This policy is to be implemented by 2022 or 2023 depending on COVID. This policy was made by deep research & survey. From village Panchayats to cities headed by Kasturi Ranjan, ISRO scientist was made head of this committee. This is the biggest committee ever made for education reforms. Now 10+2 program has changed to 5+3+3+4that is with multiple exits and entries.
The National Policy on Education (NPE) was first proposed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1968. After this, it was changed by Rajiv Gandhi in 1986. And now by
Prime minister Narendra Modi in 2020. The Union government established the University Education Commission(1948-1949), the Secondary Education Commission (1952-1953), University Grants Commission, and the Kothari Commission (1964-1966).
With the help of the Kothari Commission, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi announced education policy in 1968.
In 1986, the new education policy called for, special focus on the removal of disparities and to equalize educational opportunity, for SC, ST communities.
However, the second policy was further modified by the P.V. Narasimha Rao. The government planned all India-level exams for engineering & architecture programs.
The government also introduced other several reforms like the Right to Education, saakshar Bharat, Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan, Samagra Shiksha Abhigyan, National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL), etc.
Stages of New Education Policy 2020
In the New Education Policy 2020, there are the following stages-
- With 10+2 government was committed to looking after students at 6 years of age from class 1 to 12 now Government will look after
15 years from the new criteria of 5+3+3+4 & it will now start from years of age. No exams for initial years of schooling in 5
years, years bifurcated into 3-year play and class I and class 2 without any exams.
- Second stage- preparatory stage (exam start)
|Class Up To 2||No Exam|
- Middle Stage (3 years)– from class 6 to 8, computer code, vocational/technology ( gardening, farming, weaving, cooking).Can learn Indian Languages.
- Secondary stage(4 years)– From classes 9 to 12.
- Major Points– No stream, Multiple Subjects, Critical Thinking.
Now students are free to choose any subject of their choice: they can opt for mathematics along with biology or any arts subjects. Exams will be on a semester basis not yearly. Now students can learn any foreign language which is included by the government.
- Graduation (4 years)– this phase has also seen major changes.
- For 1 year—> certificate
- For 2 years—> diploma
- For 3 years—> degree
- For 4 years—>> Research
- Post graduation criteria– for post graduation there is a condition that if
- Graduation of 3 years then post-graduation will be of 2-years.
- Graduation of years then post-graduation of 1-year.
See Also- * Recommended How to Apply for New Driving License in India in 2021
Positive and negative outcomes of New Education Policy 2020
Positives of New Education Policy 2020:
- The positive news is that as of now only 3% of the GDP is spent on education, from this policy 6% of a tip will be spent on education which is double than before.
- Fees criteria will be made in private schools that are criteria wise there will be upper.
- Vocational training practical based.
- Now the result will be based on ① marks ② self-assessment ③ friend rating or grading ④ teacher. This will help in making good relations with other students.
- Now universities from other nations will be allowed to open their branches in India.
- Now teachers will also be trained by the government.
Negatives of New Education Policy 2020 :
- English is now not as much appreciated by this policy.
- Now syllabus will be decided by the government.
Major changes are discussed however many more points are to be given by the government after the implementation of this
policy. Under this new policy class 10 and 12 board examinations are made easier. Vocational & internships
introduce which will help students.
Now MPhil courses will discontinue.
Few New departments are to be introduced like
- Academic Bank of credits.
- Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs).
- Higher Education commission of India (HECI).
Under the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) different independent councils
will set up
- National higher Education regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation.
- General Education Council for standard setting.
- Higher Education grants council for funding.
- National accreditation council (NAC) for accreditation.
An autonomous body, the National Educational Technology forum will be created (NETF). This platform will allow students and teachers or guests to exchange And their ideas on technology, innovation, planning, assessment, and administration.
Parakh named assessment center has been created for students. This education policy also helps the government in establishing foreign universities in our country.
No special security money is to be paid by the universities for setting up universities in India.
This was proposed before this policy that foreign universities should open their branches in India but a special security deposit has to
be given by them. So now foreign universities will open their branches easily.
*See Here the full Official New Education Policy 2020 (Official Pdf)
The 42nd amendment in 1976 moved education from State to the concurrent list so that both center & State governments can
make laws related to education. Part iv of the Indian constitution, article 45 & article 39(f) of directive principles of state policies (DPSP) has a provision for equitable and accessible education.
Right to education (Rte) act, 2009 which provides education to all children between 6-14 years of age and makes education a fundamental right under Article 21-A. The government also started several schemes to boost school attendance – eg. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Mid-day meal scheme, etc.
Conclusion and way forward
The government after few years introduces New Education Policies (by New Education Policy 2020) in the education sector for its reforms. It aims to make overall development and ease
of education with the proper mechanism to tackle the changing world.
It is a progressive shift towards a technical and innovative way of education.it will help India to prosper, overall social and moral
education boost. Hope this shift will make 100% enrolment of school children to schools by 2030.
So this is all about New Education Policy 2020. Share this article ( New Education Policy 2020 ) with your friends and family if you found this useful and informative. Follow our Social Media handles for more latest jobs information, Admit card, Results, and more blogs like this.